California Penal Code 597t
Every person who keeps an animal confined in an enclosed area shall provide it with an adequate exercise area. If the animal is restricted by a leash, rope, or chain, the leash, rope, or chain shall be affixed in such a manner that it will prevent the animal from becoming entangled or injured and permit the animal's access to adequate shelter, food, and water. Violation of this section constitutes a misdemeanor. This section shall not apply to an animal which is in transit, in a vehicle, or in the immediate control of a person.
Health and Safety Code 122335.
A. For purposes of this chapter, the following terms shall have the following definitions:
- "Animal control" means the municipal or county animal control agency or any other
entity responsible for enforcing animal-related laws.
- "Agricultural operation" means an activity that is necessary for the commercial growing
and harvesting of crops or the raising of livestock or poultry.
- "Person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, organization, trade or professional
association, firm, limited liability company, joint venture, association, trust, estate, or any other
legal entity, and any officer, member, shareholder, director, employee, agent, or representative thereof.
- "Reasonable period" means a period of time not to exceed three hours in a 24-hour period,
or a time that is otherwise approved by animal control.
B. No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause a dog to be tethered,
fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object.
C. Notwithstanding subdivision (b), a person may do any of the following in accordance with
Section 597t of the Penal Code:
- Attach a dog to a running line, pulley, or trolley system. A dog shall not be tethered
to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a choke collar or pinch collar.
- Tether, fasten, chain, tie, or otherwise restrain a dog pursuant to the requirements of
a camping or recreational area.
- Tether, fasten, chain, or tie a dog no longer than is necessary for the person to complete
a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained for a reasonable period.
- Tether, fasten, chain, or tie a dog while engaged in, or actively training for, an activity
that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by the State of California if the activity for
which the license is issued is associated with the use or presence of a dog. Nothing in this
paragraph shall be construed to prohibit a person from restraining a dog while participating in
activities or using accommodations that are reasonably associated with the licensed
- Tether, fasten, chain, or tie a dog while actively engaged in any of the following:
- Conduct that is directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock.
- Conduct that is directly related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraint is reasonably
necessary for the safety of the dog.
D. A person who violates this chapter is guilty of an infraction or a misdemeanor.
- An infraction under this chapter is punishable upon conviction by a fine of up to two hundred
fifty dollars ($250) as to each dog with respect to which a violation occurs.
- A misdemeanor under this chapter is punishable upon conviction by a fine of up to one
thousand dollars ($1,000) as to each dog with respect to which a violation occurs, or imprisonment in a county
jail for not more than six months, or both.
- Notwithstanding subdivision (d), animal control may issue a correction warning to a person
who violates this chapter, requiring the owner to correct the violation, in lieu of an infraction or
misdemeanor, unless the violation endangers the health or safety of
the animal, the animal has been wounded as a result of the violation,
or a correction warning has previously been issued to the individual.
E. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit a person from walking a dog with a hand-held leash.